Sunday, April 13, 2014

Heidelberg Catechism Lord's Day 15

~His Death
Lord’s Day 15

37. What do you understand by the word “suffered?”
That all the time He lived on earth, but especially at
the end of His life, He bore, in body and soul, the
wrath of God against the sin of the whole human
race;[1] in order that by His suffering, as the only
atoning sacrifice,[2] He might redeem our body and
soul from everlasting damnation,[3] and obtain for us
the grace of God, righteousness, and eternal life.[4]

[1] Isa 53; 1 Tim 2:6; 1 Pt 2:2-4, 24, 3:18; [2] Ps 22:14-16; Mt 26:38; Rom 3:25-26, 5:6; 1 Cor 5:7; Eph 5:2; Heb 10:14; 1 Jn 2:2, 4:10; [3] Rm 8:1-4; Gal 3:13; Col 1:13; Heb 9:12; 1Pt 1:18-19; [4] Jn 3:16; Rom 3:24-26; 2Cor 5:21; Heb 9:11

38. Why did He suffer “under Pontius Pilate” as judge?

That He, being innocent, might be condemned by the
temporal judge,[1] and thereby deliver us from the
severe judgment of God, to which we were
exposed.[2]

[1] Lk 23:13-24; Jn 19:4, 12-16; Acts 4:27-28; [2] Ps 69:4;
Isa 53:4-5; Mt 27:24; 2 Cor 5:21; Gal 3:13

39. Is there anything more in His having been
“crucified” than if He had suffered some other
death?

Yes, for thereby I am assured that He took upon
Himself the curse which lay upon me,[1] because the
death of the cross was accursed of God.[2]

[1] Gal 3:13-14; [2] Deut 21:22-23; Php 2:8