Sunday, April 20, 2014

Heidelberg Catechism Lord's Day 16

Lord’s Day 16
40. Why was it necessary for Christ to suffer “death?”
Because the justice and truth [1] of God required that
satisfaction for our sins could be made in no other
way than by the death of the Son of God.[2]
[1] Gen 2:17; [2] Rom 6:23, 8:3; Php 2:8; Heb 2:9, 14-15

41. Why was He “buried?”

To show thereby that He was really dead.[1]

[1] Isa 53:9; Mt 27:59-60; Jn 19:38-42; Acts 13:29; 1 Cor
15:3-4

42. Since, then, Christ died for us, why must we also
die?

Our death is not a satisfaction for our sin, but only a
dying to sin and an entering into eternal life.[1]

[1] Jn 5:24; Rom 7:24-25; Php 1:21-23; 1 Thes 5:9-10

43. What further benefit do we receive from the
sacrifice and death of Christ on the cross?

That by His power our old man is with Him
crucified, slain, and buried;[1] so that the evil lusts of
the flesh may no more reign in us,[2] but that we
may offer ourselves unto Him a sacrifice of
thanksgiving.[3]

[1] Rom 6:5-11; Col 2:11-12; [2] Rom 6:12-14; [3] Rom
12:1; 2 Cor 5:15; Eph 5:1-2

44. Why is it added: “He descended into hell?”
That in my greatest temptations I may be assured
that Christ my Lord, by His inexpressible anguish,
pains, and terrors, which He suffered in His soul on
the cross and before, has redeemed me from the
anguish and torment of hell.[1]

[1] Ps 18:5; 116:3; Isa 53; Mt 26:36-46, 27:46; Heb 5:7-10